Challenges face Somaliland
Since Somaliland declared its independence the executive branch has traditionally been the most powerful institution of governance. If this country to prosper and become recognised state this tendency of monopolising power and abusing the public fund must come to an end. One of the major challenges of achieving good governance is how effectively to control the executive’s power (UDUB) in this scenario and creatively balance its discretionary without plummeting its ability to fulfil its constitutional obligations and political mandate effectively.
On the other hand Judicial branch in Somaliland lack independence from the executive branch this created vacuum in term of independently interpreting law and apply it to particular disputes. The opposition parties KULMIYE and UCID currently have the upper hand in the parliament and are now legitimate actors in the political processes, but still executive branch has substantial power of legislative body e.g. almost majority of the law passed by the parliament which is required the signature of the president in order to be law has not been signed without any reasonable explanation. This is clear indication that the government breach the law many occasion without any penniless of this irresponsible action which damage Somaliland’s reputation in the world stage.
large percentage of Somaliland population still live below poverty line moreover are vulnerable for bribes from the government for this reason, the Somaliland Diaspora have to protest against authoritarianism, the abuse of power and corruption and demands for individual freedom, human rights and the right to participate effectively in the development and democratisation processes of Somaliland.
The house of elder (Guurti) has played important role in maintaining peace and stability in Somaliland. They have been able to resolve conflicts between the opposition parties and the government and avoid confrontation between different function in Somaliland. One of the challenges face Somaliland is what to do with the house of elder (Guurti) they are still base on clan representative in order to take part in the decision making process of the country they have to be directly elected by the public. I personally believe the house of elder has done gigantic profession for Somaliland and the time is right for other three main branch executive, parliament and judicial to take the lead. , or the Guurti members must be elected.
Who ever win the forthcoming election must decentralise the local government reforms as well as empowering civil society organisations and media without government restriction. This is central to the success of this country in achieve greater international admiration. The media articulate the voice of the people for this case they need to operate freedom atmosphere.
The private sector also play crucial role in reducing corruption and achieving better governance, as we know the current Somaliland administration were accused of selling public property (Sh Bashiir Secondary School in Hargiesa) to the private sector. This is great disappointment that some of the big commerce is paying government officials bribes which are contrast to the interest of the nation and they should be accounted for their action.
Finally, Somaliland has the institutional checks and balances in place, our constitutions points out clearly the duty of the executive judicial and parliament but the heart of the problems lay with the government taking advantage and using the public funds through bribes and personal use, as a result to fight this trend the next elected government must construct judicial branch which is independent from any interference.
Saleban Abdi Ahmed